ISLAM AND ISLAMIC LAWS IN SOCIETY

islam

The heavenly commands laid down in the Holy Quran and the sunnah not only concern ALLAH Almighty and man but also order the social relations among men and are particularly explicit about matters pertaining to the marriage, family, inheritance and divorce. The Muslim family structure is the re-creation of the Arab family within the moral confines of Islam. Thus it is authoritarian, polygamous, and patriarchal largely with vestigial survivals of what appears to be a previously matrilineal kinship structure reflected in the prominent place of the maternal uncle.

The role and the responsibility of women has on the entire, despite Muslim apologetics, been secondary to that of men; this is attested by the Holy Quran that ranks men above women and allows just half value to the testimony of the latter. The inheritance shares for female heirs are half those given to males. In practice nowadays many elder women exercise huge authority over members of their household, and mainly in urban areas, working women of the lower or inferior and lower-middle classes have a substantial degree of autonomy. However, in almost every Muslim nation, the lawful position of the wife is inferior to that of the husband and in numerous cases is precarious.

The communal ethic of Islam is founded upon a genuine sense of brotherhood and solidarity. The teachings of the Holy Quran have shaped an ideal Muslim rooted in humbleness before ALLAH Almighty. The alteration from the pre-Islamic Arab character, which laid stress on the blood tie, vengeance, and maleness, is complete, although a lot of the Bedouin background persists under the Islamic function. The sharā’ah is, accurately, the “straight path” not just in the sense of righteousness and right way opposed to deviation but also as a golden sense. Self-control and abstinence are often recommended in the Holy Quran. Islam has in positive respects stamped its own picture on economic institutions or at least emphasized confident characteristics of economic life to the level that a typical coloration was given to them in the classical period within the restrictions of the Middle East and the Mediterranean.

The Holy Quran also forbids Muslims against committing evil, indecency, and rebellion including those dangerous and harmful deeds that cause the halt of development in society, collapse of nations and misery to mankind. The Holy Quran also orders Muslims to fulfil their promises and also forbids them from promises without fulfilling them. Muslims must respect their promises and covenants when they deal with others. They must strive towards doing deeds and acts that please ALLAH Almighty and never go against the laws of Islamic.

Verse 16:90-91 of Holy Quran

Indeed, ALLAH orders justice and good conduct and giving to relatives and forbids immorality and bad conduct and oppression. He admonishes you that perhaps you will be reminded. And fulfil the covenant of ALLAH when you have taken it, [O believers], and do not break oaths after their confirmation while you have made ALLAH, over you, a witness. Indeed, ALLAH knows what you do.

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